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E-cigarettes and Teens’ Lungs

April 4, 2017 at 1:37 pm

By Jadwiga A. Wedzicha, MD, editor, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

Follow Dr. Wedzicha on Twitter @ATSBlueEditor

Electronic Cigarette Use and Respiratory Symptoms in Adolescents

Even if e-cigarettes do not lead teenagers to become tobacco smokers, researchers say e-cigarettes may harm their health. In their April 1 American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine study, Rob McConnell and colleagues report an association between e-cigarette use and persistent cough, bronchitis, and congestion or phlegm. They analyzed responses to a 2014 questionnaire completed by 2,086 teenagers participating in the Southern California Children’s Health Study. The researchers found that compared to those who never tried an e-cigarette, teenagers who smoked an e-cigarette within the past 30 days were 85 percent more likely to report respiratory symptoms; current e-cigarettes users doubled their risk of respiratory symptoms.

AJRCCM Highlights

April 1

A Multicenter Randomized Trial Assessing the Efficacy of Helium/Oxygen in Severe Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Lumacaftor/Ivacaftor in Patients Aged 6–11 Years with Cystic Fibrosis Homozygous for F508delCFTR

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: The Association between the Adaptive Multiple Features Method and Fibrosis Outcomes

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Model of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Reveals Novel Gene Expression and Patient Specificity

April 15

Fluctuation Analysis of Peak Expiratory Flow and its Association with Treatment Failure in Asthma

Secretory IgA Deficiency in Individual Small Airways Is Associated with Persistent Inflammation and Remodeling

Randomized Trial of Pleural Fluid Drainage Frequency in Patients with Malignant Pleural Effusions: The ASAP Trial

Menopause Is Associated with Accelerated Lung Function Decline

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