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Is ARDS Mortality on the Decline?

October 3, 2016 at 12:01 am

By John Hansen-Flaschen, MD, editor, Annals of the American Thoracic Society

Follow Dr. Hansen-Flaschen on Twitter @AnnalsATSEditor

Mortality Trends of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in the United States from 1999-2013

Analyzing a complete set of death certificates from 1999 to 2013, Shea E. Cochi and colleagues report in their October Annals of the American Thoracic Society article that mortality from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has declined. In 1999, age-adjusted mortality was 5.01 per 100,000 persons; in 2013, it was 2.82 per 100,000 persons. The study also found that men were more likely to die of ARDS than women and that African Americans had the highest mortality rate of any racial group.  Despite the overall decline they uncovered, the authors believe that ARDS deaths are “likely largely” underreported in the death certificates based on a comparison of their findings with studies of clinically ascertained ARDS deaths.

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